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Thursday, June 18, 2009

Qinguo Fan - Chemical Testing of Textiles

Qinguo Fan - Chemical Testing of Textiles
Woodhead Publishing | 2005 | ISBN: 1855739178 | Pages: 336 | PDF | 2.79 MB

It has long been my desire to contribute to a textbook that is solely devoted to the
chemical analysis of textiles. Thus, when Woodhead Publishing contacted me
about editing this book, I enthusiastically accepted the offer. Now, with the hard
work of a team of contributors who are professors, material researchers and textile
analysts from Canada, Britain, Germany and the United States of America, and the
great assistance offered by the staff at Woodhead Publishing, this book has become
a reality.
The book was initially intended to be read by students in the textile chemistry
field who are supposed to have taken organic chemistry. As realized later, this
book may also serve as a guide for textile professionals working in laboratories for
chemicals testing. Some of these textile professionals may or may not be trained in
this specialized area of chemistry, or, if they were trained, they may have been
working outside the chemistry specialism for a long time. Therefore, the heavy
chemistry content has been reduced and more fundamental chemical concepts and
rudimentary procedures have been introduced. It has not been easy to balance the
theoretical and practical parts of the content. As it is, this book seems more inclined
to the practical with many basic aspects pertaining to the chemical analysis of
textiles. Readers who have an avid chemistry mindset or who want to know all the
detailed procedures, experimental set-up and data analysis could find the references
at the end of every chapter more useful with regard to each individual test
introduced in the chapter. In most cases, the chemical analysis is done with a test
method regulated and updated by a professional organization, like the American
Association of Textile Chemist and Colorists (AATCC), the Society of Dyers and
Colourists (SDC), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and
the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Some test methods may
be adopted by a few organizations.
It should, however, be noted that a particular chemical property of materials can
be tested in different ways. The test method introduced in this book may not
necessarily be the most suitable one for the job. Sometimes, a new test method may
have to be developed or established for new materials coming to the market. For
example, nanotechnology can now be employed to process textiles. The claimed
advantages could be novel properties, combined properties by a simple operation
or smart properties (intelligent responsive properties). The challenge is how to
evaluate the performances and properties associated with nanotechnology. At
present, no easily accessible means is available to determine simply whether or not
the ‘nano’ textiles are processed using nanotechnology or if they possess nanomaterials.
Of course, the traditional properties of ‘nano’ textiles can still be tested
by the currently available methods, but we want to know something about the
‘nano’ properties in this case. Therefore, test methods must, of necessity, be
updated and developed to reflect the trend of new materials. Users of the test
methods should be aware of the latest developments and keep using appropriate
and updated test methods.
Qinguo Fan


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